1st (United Kingdom) Division

{{Use British English|date=May 2011}}
{{Use dmy dates|date=May 2011}}
{{Infobox military unit
|unit_name=Mobile Division
1st Armoured Division
1st British Armoured Division
1st (United Kingdom) Division
|caption=Insignia of the ”’1st Armoured Division”’.
|country={{flag|United Kingdom}}
|type=[[Infantry]] [[Division (military)|Division]]
|size=”’Second World War”’
14,964 menJoslen, p. 129
343 tanks{{#tag:ref|63 light tanks, 205 medium tanks, 24 close support tanks, 25 anti-aircraft tanks and 8 artillery observation tanks.Joslen, p. 9|group=nb}}{{#tag:ref|These two figures are the war establishment of the division for 1944–1945; for information on how the division size changed over the war please see [[British Army during the Second World War]] and [[British Armoured formations of World War II]].|group=nb}}.[[Army 2020]] size – around eight brigades, including 102 Logistics Brigade
|command_structure= [[Commander Field Army|Field Army]]
|current_commander= Major General [[Ralph Wooddisse]]
|garrison=[[Imphal Barracks]], [[York]], United Kingdom
|battles=”'[[World War II|Second World War]]”’
* [[Battle of France]]
* [[North African Campaign]]
* [[Italian Campaign (World War II)|Italian Campaign]]
”'[[Gulf War|First Gulf War]]”’
”'[[Iraq War]]”’
|notable_commanders= [[Charles Norrie, 1st Baron Norrie|Willoughby Norrie]]
[[Herbert Lumsden]]
[[Richard Hull]]
[[Rupert Smith]]
The ”’1st (United Kingdom) Division”’, formerly the ”’1st Armoured Division”’, is a [[division (military)|division]] of the [[British Army]], currently the only British division to be [[British Forces Germany|stationed in Germany]]. Originally formed in November 1937 as the ”’Mobile Division”’, it saw extensive service during [[World War II]] and was disbanded afterwards; reconstituted in 1976, it remains in service. It should not be confused with the [[1st Infantry Division (United Kingdom)|1st Infantry Division]], which saw service in World War II as a separate formation.

The division was formed in November 1937 on the initiative of General Sir [[Archibald Montgomery-Massingberd]], the [[Chief of the General Staff (United Kingdom)|Chief of the Imperial General Staff]] (CIGS). At the time, it was named ”’The Mobile Division”’. The choice of General Officer Commanding reflected the tensions within the army. The [[Secretary of State for War]] ([[Leslie Hore-Belisha, 1st Baron Hore-Belisha|Leslie Hore-Belisha]]) wanted a [[Royal Tank Regiment|Royal Tank Corps]] (RTC) officer as tanks would be the main force of the division but Montgomery-Massingberd wanted a cavalry officer. Supporters of Montgomery-Massingberd proposed that the tank element of the division should be formed from cavalry regiments equipped only with light tanks and that the tank brigade and its heavier tanks be removed from the division. The compromise was the appointment of [[Major-general (United Kingdom)|Major-General]] [[Alan Brooke, 1st Viscount Alanbrooke|Alan Brooke]] [[Royal Artillery|RA]].AFV Profile Book No. 2 ”British and Commonwealth Armoured Formations (1919–1946)” Profile Publishing p24 When Brooke was promoted, his replacement was a cavalry officer.

The Mobile Division was formed with the 1st and 2nd Light Armoured Brigades, the [[1st Army Tank Brigade (United Kingdom)|1st Army Tank Brigade]], artillery, [[Royal Engineers|engineers]] and [[Royal Corps of Signals|signals]]. Its paper strength was 620 armoured fighting vehicles but {{frac|7|8}} of these were reconnaissance vehicles and some were simulated by trucks. The heavier tanks were in the tank brigade, which had obsolete medium tanks until cruiser tank deliveries began in December 1938. At the same time, the organization of the division was changed to a Light Armoured Brigade (three regiments with light and cruiser tanks), a Heavy Armoured Brigade (three regiments of cruiser tanks) and a Support Group (motorized rifle battalion, motorized artillery regiment and a company of engineers). In practice, with insufficient cruiser tanks to equip the division, there was no difference in numbers and type of tanks between the light and heavy brigades.AFV Profile Book No. 2 pp24–25

==Second World War==
The 1st Armoured Division first saw service during the [[World War II|Second World War]] in incomplete form under the command of [[Major-general (United Kingdom)|Major-General]] [[Roger Evans (British Army officer)|Roger Evans]]Joslen, p. 13 when the second [[British Expeditionary Force (World War II)|British Expeditionary Force]] (2nd BEF) was sent to France in May 1940.Chappell, p.12 The 1st Armoured Division, consisting of the understrength [[2nd Armoured Brigade (United Kingdom)|2nd]] and [[3rd Armoured Brigade (United Kingdom)|3rd Armoured Brigade]]s, along with the [[1st Support Group (United Kingdom)|1st Support Group]], and with no infantry support (which had been transferred in April to form the [[30th Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom)|30th Infantry Brigade]]), landed in France on 14 May 1940Joslen, p. 15 and, after suffering heavy tank losses during the [[Battle of France]], was evacuated to England on 16 June, having fought south of the [[Somme (river)|river Somme]], isolated from the other British formations.

[[File:Cruiser Mk I tanks of 5th Royal Tank Regiment, 1st Armoured Division, on Thursley Common, Surrey, July 1940. H2484.jpg|thumb|left|[[Cruiser tank|Cruiser Mk I tank]]s of the [[5th Royal Tank Regiment]], 1st Armoured Division, on [[Thursley Common]], [[Surrey]], July 1940.]]

Until 27 August 1941, the division was stationed in the United Kingdom on anti-invasion duties, anticipating a [[Operation Sea Lion|German invasion]], under the command of Major-General [[Willoughby Norrie, 1st Baron Norrie|Willoughby Norrie]], who had taken command on 24 August 1940. It then embarked for [[Egypt]] under the command of Major-General [[Herbert Lumsden]] and arrived on 13 November 1941. After Major-General Lumsden was wounded, Major-General [[Frank Messervy]] took command in January 1942, retaining command until Major-General Lumsden returned in March. The 1st Armoured Division took part in many of the battles of the [[North African Campaign]] against ”[[Generalfeldmarschall]]” [[Erwin Rommel]], the “Desert Fox”, including [[Battle of Gazala|Gazala]], [[Battle of Mersa Matruh|Mersa Matruh]], [[First Battle of El Alamein|First El Alamein]], [[Second Battle of El Alamein|Second El Alamein]], [[Battle of Tebaga Gap|Tebaga Gap]], [[Battle of the Mareth Line|Mareth Line]], [[Battle of Wadi Akarit|Akarit]], [[Battle of El Kourzia|El Kourzia]] and [[Tunisia Campaign|Tunis]]. In August 1942, Major-General [[Raymond Briggs (British Army officer)|Raymond Briggs]] was appointed to command and in July 1943 was succeeded by Major-General [[Alexander Galloway]].

[[File:The British Army in North Africa 1942 E18379.jpg|thumb|right|[[M4 Sherman|Sherman tank]]s of the [[2nd Dragoon Guards (Queen’s Bays)]], 1st Armoured Division, at El Alamein, 24 October 1942.]]

From the end of the [[Tunisia Campaign|campaign in Tunisia]] in May 1943, which saw the surrender of almost 250,000 [[German Army (Wehrmacht)|German]] and [[Royal Italian Army during World War II|Italian soldier]]s, the 1st Armoured Division remained in North Africa until May 1944. The division, minus the [[18th Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom)|18th Lorried Infantry Brigade]] (previously 7th Motor Brigade, on loan to the [[1st Infantry Division (United Kingdom)|1st Infantry Division]] in the [[Battle of Anzio|Anzio beachhead]], only rejoining 1st Armoured in August),Joslen, p. 14 then transferred to the [[Italian Campaign (World War II)|Italian Front]], arriving in Italy in late May.

The division came under command of [[V Corps (United Kingdom)|V Corps]], under [[Lieutenant-general (United Kingdom)|Lieutenant-General]] [[Charles Keightley]], of the [[Eighth Army (United Kingdom)|Eighth Army]], commanded by Lieutenant-General [[Oliver Leese|Sir Oliver Leese]]. The 1st Armoured Division was the only British division, of six in total, to have fought at Alamein under Eighth Army command, to rejoin the army in Italy.Alexander’s Generals, the Italian Campaign 1944–45, Gregory Blaxland, p. 167 During the fighting in front of the [[Gothic Line]] throughout August and September, the 2nd Armoured Brigade suffered severe losses in tanks in the [[Battle of Coriano]], with the [[2nd Dragoon Guards (Queen’s Bays)]], losing 31 tanks, out of 52.Alexander’s Generals, the Italian Campaign 1944–45, Gregory Blaxland, p. 182 Major-General [[Richard Hull]], aged just 37 and three months who became [[Chief of the General Staff (United Kingdom)|Chief of the General Staff]], took over command for this part of the campaign in August 1944. The division was broken up soon after, due to a lack of sufficient drafts to replace casualties; the 2nd Armoured Brigade survived as an independent brigade and the 18th Infantry Brigade was broken up and used to fill gaps in other British divisions, mainly for the [[46th Infantry Division (United Kingdom)|46th]] and [[56th (London) Infantry Division|56th Infantry Division]]s.Alexander’s Generals, the Italian Campaign 1944–45, Gregory Blaxland, p. 202-203 The division was officially disbanded on 11 January 1945.Joslen p. 13

===Order of battle===
The 1st Armoured Division was constituted as follows and shows [[British Armoured formations of World War II|some of the changes]] that were made to British armoured formations during the war.{{cite web|last1=Niehorster|first1=Dr. Leo|title=1st Armoured Division, British Army, 03-09-1939|url=http://www.niehorster.org/017_britain/39_org/div_armd_01.html|website=World War II Armed Forces. Orders of Battle and Organisations|accessdate=22 December 2015}}{{cite web|last1=Niehorster|first1=Dr. Leo|title=1st Armoured Division, 23 October 1942|url=http://www.niehorster.org/017_britain/42-10-23/div-arm_01.html|website=World War II Armed Forces. Orders of Battle and Organisations|accessdate=22 December 2015}}Joslen pp. 13–15

====3 September 1939====
* [[2nd Armoured Brigade (United Kingdom)|2nd Light Armoured Brigade]] ”(3 September 1939 – 14 April 1940)”
** [[10th Royal Hussars]]
** [[2nd Dragoon Guards (Queen’s Bays)]]
** [[9th Queen’s Royal Lancers]]
* [[3rd Armoured Brigade (United Kingdom)|1st Heavy Armoured Brigade]] ”(3 September 1939 – 14 April 1940)”
** [[2nd Royal Tank Regiment]]
** [[3rd Royal Tank Regiment]]
** [[5th Royal Tank Regiment]]
* [[1st Support Group (United Kingdom)|1st Support Group]] ”(3 September 1939 – 14 February 1942)”
** Royal Artillery
*** [[1st Regiment, Royal Horse Artillery]]
*** [[2nd Regiment, Royal Horse Artillery]]
** Royal Engineers
*** 1st Field Squadron
*** 1st Field Park Troop
** Infantry
*** 1st Battalion, [[Rifle Brigade (Prince Consort’s Own)|Rifle Brigade]]
*** 2nd Battalion, [[King’s Royal Rifle Corps]]
* Division Troops
** 1st Armoured Division Signals, [[Royal Corps of Signals]]
** [[Royal Army Service Corps]]
*** Brigade and Division Troops Companies
** [[Royal Army Medical Corps]]

====23 October 1942====
{{main article| Second Battle of El Alamein}}
* 2nd Armoured Brigade ”(14 April 1940—29 September 1944)”
** 10th Royal Hussars
** 2nd Dragoon Guards (Queen’s Bays)
** 9th Queen’s Royal Lancers
** [[Queen’s Own Yorkshire Dragoons]]
* [[18th Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom)|7th Motor Brigade]] ”(23 September 1942–19 July 1943)”
** 7th Battalion, Rifle Brigade
** 2nd Battalion, King’s Royal Rifle Corps
** Minefield Task-force
*** 2nd Battalion, Rifle Brigade
*** 7th, 9th Field, 572nd Army Companies Royal Engineers
*** Detachments from 2nd Armoured Brigade
* ”Hammerforce” (attached from [[8th Armoured Division (United Kingdom)|8th Armoured Division]])
** 146th Field, 73rd Anti-tank, 56th Light A. A. Regiments Royal Artillery
** 4th/6th South African Armoured Car Regiment
* Royal Artillery
** [[2nd Regiment, Royal Horse Artillery]]
** [[4th Regiment, Royal Horse Artillery]]
** [[11th Regiment, Royal Horse Artillery (Honourable Artillery Company)]]
** 76th Anti-Tank Regiment
** 42nd Light Anti-Aircraft Regiment
* Royal Engineers
** 1st Field Squadron
** 7th Field Squadron
** 1st Field Park Squadron
* Divisional Troops
** [[12th Royal Lancers]]
** 1st Armoured Division Signals
** 2 Companies [[List of Royal Northumberland Fusiliers battalions in World War II#1st Battalion|1st Battalion]], [[Royal Northumberland Fusiliers]] (machine guns)
** Royal Army Service Corps
** Royal Army Medical Corps
*** 1st and 15th Light Field Ambulance

Other brigades were part of the division for varying lengths of time:
* [[3rd Armoured Brigade (United Kingdom)|3rd Armoured Brigade]] ”(14 April 1940–4 October 1940)”
* [[22nd Armoured Brigade (United Kingdom)|22nd Armoured Brigade]] ”(14 April 1940–7 November 1941)”
* [[22nd Guards Brigade|200th Guards Brigade Group]] Group ”(12 February 1942–20 May 1942)”
* [[22nd Guards Brigade|201st Guards Brigade Group]] ”(21 May 1942–14 June 1942)”
* [[18th Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom)|18th Infantry Brigade]] ”(5 October 1943–16 February 1944; 17 August 1944–28 October 1944)”

==Post Second World War==
[[Image:DesertStormMap v2.svg|thumb||Ground operations during [[Operation Desert Storm]], showing the 1st Armoured Divisions movements.]]

It was not until 1960 that the Division re-emerged in the British Army. It was reformed as the ”’1st Division”’ following the disbandment of the [[1st Infantry Division (United Kingdom)|1st Infantry Division]] and was initially based with the [[British Army of the Rhine]] at [[Verden an der Aller]] in West Germany.[https://web.archive.org/web/20090401003655/http://british-army-units1945on.co.uk/1_Division.aspx British Army Units]

During the 1970s, the division consisted of two “square” brigades, the [[7th Armoured Brigade (United Kingdom)|7th Armoured Brigade]] and [[22nd Armoured Brigade (United Kingdom)|22nd Armoured Brigade]].{{cite web|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=FPAMQ3oIT_4C&pg=PA95&lpg=PA95&dq=2nd+Armoured+Division+Lubbecke&source=bl&ots=6APjlWaFqL&sig=mHLhN_QTqAgvfMt-on-2SH_PIKw&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0CDgQ6AEwBGoVChMImYi_xofjyAIVQTQ-Ch1lMgS6#v=onepage&q=2nd%20Armoured%20Division%20Lubbecke&f=false|title=The British Army in Germany: An Organisational History 1947-2004|page=95|first=Graham|last=Watson|publisher=Tiger Lily|year=2005}} It became the ”’1st Armoured Division”’ in 1976 and served with [[I Corps (United Kingdom)|I (BR) Corps]] being based at Shiel Barracks in [[Verden an der Aller|Verden]] in Germany from 1978.{{cite web|url=http://baor-locations.org/shielbks.aspx.html |title=Shiel Barracks|publisher=BAOR Locations|accessdate=27 October 2015}} After being briefly reorganised into two “task forces” (“Alpha” and “Bravo”) in the late 1970s, it consisted of the 7th Armoured Brigade, the [[12th Armoured Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom)|12th Armoured Brigade]] and 22nd Armoured Brigade in the 1980s.{{cite web|url=http://harveyblackauthor.org/2014/04/29/the-cold-war-years-a-hot-war-in-reality-part-6-2/|title=The Cold War Years. A Hot War in reality. Part 6.|first=Harvey|last=Black}} The divisional badge dates from 1983, and combines the hollow red triangular “spearhead” badge of the 1st Infantry Division with the charging rhinoceros badge of 1st Armoured Division as displayed in the [[World War II|Second World War]].

Divisional formations and units have deployed on many other operations, such as occupation duties in [[Northern Ireland]], the [[Falkland Islands]], [[Belize]] and United Nations tours in [[Cyprus]], [[Bosnia]] and [[Kosovo]]. The headquarters of the division was deployed to [[Saudi Arabia]] in 1990 to command British land forces. It had the [[4th Infantry Brigade and Headquarters North East|4th Armoured Brigade]] and 7th Armoured Brigade under command. During the war, it came under the US [[VII Corps (United States)|VII Corps]] and was part of the great armoured left-hook that destroyed many [[Iraqi Republican Guard]] formations. The two brigades in the division alternated heading the advance.[http://www.tim-thompson.com/gwob7corps.html Order of Battle for VII Armored Corps] The division participated in the [[Battle of Norfolk]].Bourque, p.260 During this engagement the division destroyed several Iraqi companies of [[T-55]] tanks.Bourque, p.275 After 48 hours of combat, the division destroyed or isolated four Iraqi infantry divisions (the 26th, 48th, 31st, and 25th) and overran the Iraqi 52nd Armored Division in several sharp engagements. The British 1st Armoured Division had traveled 217 miles in 97 hours. The British 1st Armoured Division had captured or destroyed about 200 tanks and a very large number of armoured personnel carriers, trucks, reconnaissance vehicles, etc.Bourque, p.275Bourque, p.377

==1993 to 2014==
[[Image:1st Armoured Division (UK).png|thumb|Structure 1st Armoured Division before the Army 2020 changes.]]

In 1993, HQ 1st Armoured Division was disbanded and the ”’1st (UK) Armoured Division”’ formed from the 4th Armoured Division. The headquarters were established at Wentworth Barracks in [[Herford]] in 1993.{{cite web|url=http://baor-locations.org/wentworthbks.aspx.html |title=Wentworth Barracks|publisher=BAOR locations|accessdate=27 October 2015}} The divisional headquarters was deployed in command of the [[Multi-National Division (South-West) (Bosnia)|Multi-National Division (South-West)]] in Bosnia in 1996–1997 and 1998–1999.NATO ARRC, [http://www.arrc.nato.int/alliedrapidreactioncorps/comarrc.aspx COMARRC]

The Division headquarters again deployed to the [[Persian Gulf]] area in 2003. It again commanded British forces in the area, this time with three full brigades under its control. Those were 7th Armoured Brigade again, along with [[16 Air Assault Brigade]], and [[3 Commando Brigade]]. In a combined arms operation, the division secured southern Iraq, including the city of [[Basra]] during the invasion. It came under [[I Marine Expeditionary Force]] during the 2003 conflict.[http://www.docstoc.com/docs/55217624/1st-(UK)-Armoured-Division-in-Iraq 1st (UK) Armoured Division in Iraq] Field Artillery, January–February 2004

The following brigades made up the 1st (United Kingdom) Armoured Division during that period:
* [[7th Armoured Brigade (United Kingdom)|7th Armoured Brigade]] (The Desert Rats)
* [[20th Armoured Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom)|20th Armoured Brigade]] (The Iron Fist)
* 1 Division Headquarters and Signal Regiment (ADSR)
* 1 Regiment [[Army Air Corps (United Kingdom)|Army Air Corps]] (Lynx)
* 28 Engineer Regiment, [[Corps of Royal Engineers|Royal Engineers]]
* 1 Regiment, [[Royal Military Police]]

The [[4th Infantry Brigade and Headquarters North East|4th Armoured Brigade]] (The Black Rats) was part of 1st Armoured Division until the division was reduced to two brigades in 2007.{{cite web|url=http://baor-locations.org/quebeckbks.aspx.html|title=Quebec Barracks|publisher=BAOR Locations|accessdate=26 October 2015}}

==Current formation==
Under [[Army 2020]], the division was renamed 1st (United Kingdom) Division in July 2014 and given responsibility for commanding the Adaptable Force which comprises:[https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/136406/regular_army_basing_plan.pdf Army basing plan]{{cite web|url=http://www.army.mod.uk/documents/general/Army2020_Report_v2.pdf|title=Army 2020 Report|publisher=Ministry of Defence|accessdate=2013-07-12}}{{cite web|url=http://www.army.mod.uk/news/26432.aspx|title=Division Redesignated to 1 (UK) Division|publisher=Ministry of Defence|accessdate=21 July 2014}}
* [[4th Infantry Brigade and Headquarters North East|4th Infantry Brigade]]
* [[7th Infantry Brigade and Headquarters East|7th Infantry Brigade]]
* [[11th Infantry Brigade and Headquarters South East|11th Infantry Brigade]]
* [[38th (Irish) Infantry Brigade|38th Infantry Brigade]]
* [[42nd Infantry Brigade and Headquarters North West|42nd Infantry Brigade]]
* [[51st Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom)|51st Infantry Brigade]]
* [[160th (Wales) Brigade|160th Infantry Brigade]]
* [[102nd Logistic Brigade (United Kingdom)|102 Logistic Brigade]]

The division moved to [[Imphal Barracks]] in [[York]] on 1 June 2015.{{cite web|url=http://www.yorkpress.co.uk/news/13312614.Homecoming_of_a_Yorkshire_general/|title=Homecoming of a Yorkshire general|publisher=The Press|date=4 June 2015|accessdate=10 August 2015}}

[[File:1st (UK) Division 2016.png|thumb|center|800px|Structure of 1st (UK) Division under Army 2020 (click image to enlarge)]]

==General Officers Commanding==
[[File:Herford Army Base Germany MOD 45155591.jpg|thumb|Wentworth Barracks, Herford]]
Commanders have been:[http://www.gulabin.com/armynavy/pdf/Army%20Commands%201900-2011.pdf Army Commands] {{webarchive |url=https://web.archive.org/web/20150705211343/http://www.gulabin.com/armynavy/pdf/Army%20Commands%201900-2011.pdf |date=5 July 2015 }}

”’GOC The Mobile Division”’
* 1937–1938 Major-General [[Alan Brooke, 1st Viscount Alanbrooke|Alan Brooke]][https://books.google.com/books?id=AoqmNE2SvqwC&pg=PA128&lpg=PA128&dq=%22Major-general+Roger+Evans%22+Mobile+Division&source=bl&ots=zaC4TBodFT&sig=vQKswBQQktqYaIgOs-cxjxVWibQ&hl=en&ei=oFG4TvirL5K48gP4s5DmBA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=3&ved=0CC0Q6AEwAg#v=onepage&q=%22Major-general%20Roger%20Evans%22%20Mobile%20Division&f=false ”Corps Commanders: Five British and Canadian Generals at War, 1939–45” By Douglas E. Delaney, p.128]
”’GOC 1st Armoured Division”’
* 1938–1940 Major-General [[Roger Evans (British Army officer)|Roger Evans]][http://www.ordersofbattle.com/UnitData.aspx?UniX=1471&Tab=App&Titl=1 Armoured Division Unit Histories – 1st Armoured Division]
* 1940–1941 Major-General [[Willoughby Norrie, 1st Baron Norrie|Willoughby Norrie]]
* 1941–1942 Major General [[Herbert Lumsden]]
* Jan–Mar 1942 Major-General [[Frank Messervy]]
* Mar–Aug 1942 Major General [[Herbert Lumsden]]
* 1942–1943 Major-General [[Raymond Briggs (British Army officer)|Raymond Briggs]]
* 1943–1944 Major-General [[Alexander Galloway]]
* Aug–Sep 1944 Major-General [[Richard Hull]]

”’GOC 1st Division”’
* 1960–1961 Major-General [[Alan Jolly]]
* 1961–1963 Major-General [[Thomas Pearson (British Army officer)|Thomas Pearson]]
* 1963–1965 Major-General [[Miles Fitzalan-Howard, 17th Duke of Norfolk|Miles Fitzalan-Howard]]
* 1965–1968 Major-General [[Richard Ward (British Army officer)|Richard Ward]]
* 1968–1970 Major-General [[Allan Taylor (British Army officer)|Allan Taylor]]
* 1970–1972 Major-General [[Jack Harman]]
* 1972–1973 Major-General [[Edwin Bramall, Baron Bramall|Edwin Bramall]]
* 1973–1975 Major-General [[John Wilfred Stanier|John Stanier]]
”’GOC 1st Armoured Division”’
* 1975–1977 Major-General [[David Alexander-Sinclair]]
* 1977–1979 Major-General [[Richard Lawson (British Army officer)|Richard Lawson]]
* 1979–1982 Major-General [[Geoffrey Howlett]]
* 1982–1983 Major-General [[Brian Kenny (British Army officer)|Brian Kenny]]
* 1983–1985 Major-General [[David Thorne (British Army officer)|David Thorne]]
* 1985–1987 Major-General [[Anthony Mullens]]
* 1987–1989 Major-General [[Richard Swinburn]]
* 1989–1990 Major-General [[Roger Wheeler (British Army officer)|Roger Wheeler]]
* 1990–1992 Major-General [[Rupert Smith]]
* 1992–1993 Major-General [[Iain Mackay-Dick]]
”’GOC 1st (UK) Armoured Division”’
* 1993–1994 Major General [[Anthony Denison-Smith]]
* 1994–1996 Major General [[Roddy Cordy-Simpson]]
* 1996–1998 Major General [[John Kiszely]]
* 1998–2000 Major General [[Redmond Watt]]
* 2000–2003 Major General [[Robin Brims]]
* 2003–2005 Major General [[Peter Wall (British Army officer)|Peter Wall]]
* 2005–2006 Major General [[John Cooper (British Army officer)|John Cooper]]
* 2006–2009 Major General [[Graham Binns]]
* 2009–2011 Major General [[Adrian Bradshaw]]
* 2011–2012 Major-General [[James Bashall]]
* 2012–2014 Major-General [[James Chiswell]]
”’GOC 1st (United Kingdom) Division”’
* 2014–2015 Major-General [[James Chiswell]]
* 2015–2017 Major-General [[Giles Hill]]
* 2017–Present Major-General [[Ralph Wooddisse]]

==See also==
{{Portal|British Army|World War II}}
* [[British Forces Germany]]
* [[British Armoured formations of the Second World War]]
* [[List of higher formations British 1st Armoured Division served under]]
* [[List of senior officers of British 1st Armoured Division|List of senior officers of 1st Armoured Division 1939–1945]]
* [[List of component units of British 1st Armoured Division|List of component units of 1st Armoured Division 1939–1945]]
* [[List of British divisions in World War II]]
* [[British Army Order of Battle (September 1939)]]




* {{cite book|first=Lieutenant-Colonel H.F|last=Joslen|title=Orders Of Battle Second World War 1939–1945|publisher=Naval & Military Press Ltd|year=1960|origyear=1960|isbn=978-1-84342-474-1}}
* {{cite book|first=Mike|last=Chappell|title=British battle insignia, volume 2|publisher=Osprey|year=1986|origyear=1986|url= https://books.google.com/books?id=1zgPD8G467QC&pg=PA12&lpg=PA12&dq=%221st+armoured+division%22+mobile+division#v=onepage&q=%221st%20armoured%20division%22%20mobile%20division&f=false|isbn=978-0-85045-727-8}}
* {{Cite book|first=Stephen A.| last=Bourque
|title= Jayhawk! The 7th Corps in the Persian Gulf War |publisher = Center of Military History, United States Army|date=2001|lccn = 2001028533|OCLC=51313637}}
* {{cite book |first1=Stephen A. |last1=Bourque |first2=John |last2=Burdan |title=The road to Safwan the 1st Squadron, 4th Cavalry in the 1991 Persian Gulf War | publisher = University of North Texas Press | location = Denton, Tex | year = 2007 | isbn = 9781574412321 }}

==External links==
* [http://www.army.mod.uk/structure/25418.aspx 1 (UK) Armoured Division] – on British Army official website
* [http://www.army.mod.uk/signals/25255.aspx 1st (United Kingdom) Armoured Division Headquarters and Signal Regiment] (ADSR)
* [http://british-army-units1945on.co.uk/default.aspx British Army Locations from 1945] British Army Locations from 1945
* [http://www.armedforces.co.uk/army/listings/l0008.html Armed Forces]
* [http://www.historicaleye.com/1starmoured.html 1st Armoured Division in France 1940]
* [http://www.britishmilitaryhistory.co.uk/documents.php?aid=64&nid=9&start=0 British Military History – British Armoured Divisions Italy 1943 – 1945]

{{British Army Divisions}}


{{DEFAULTSORT:01 Armoured Division}}
[[Category:Armoured divisions of the British Army in World War II]]
[[Category:British armoured divisions]]
[[Category:British forces in Germany]]
[[Category:Military units and formations established in 1939]]
[[Category:Military units and formations disestablished in 1945]]
[[Category:Military units and formations of the Gulf War]]
[[Category:1939 establishments in the United Kingdom]]
[[Category:Military units and formations of the British Empire in World War II]]




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